Understanding the difference between shares and debentures

Debentures can be secured using an asset or collateral or they can be unsecured. They do not carry any voting rights because debenture holders are not owners of a company. In the event of liquidation, debenture holders are paid before preference shareholders and equity shareholders.

  • Also, you will get the benefits of voting, bonus shares, and dividends.
  • Debenture holders get the return in the form of interest which is paid to them regardless of whether the company earns a profit or not.
  • Equity shares have voting rights and this voting right will be proportionate to one’s share of the paid-up equity capital.

The debenture holder’s money becomes the borrowed capital for the company. Also, the company must pay regular interest on this borrowed capital. However, the repayment of principal and interest payments depends solely on the creditworthiness of the issuing company.

Types of debentures

Debenture holders are entitled to receive the interest on their debentures as per a predetermined rate, making them low-risk instruments. The funds raised through the issue of shares is share capital or owned capital for a company. The shares of an organization can be characterized as a little portion of the capital. Each investor has issued a declaration of procurement distinguish between share and debentures. of shares known as shares Certificate which demonstrates the points of interest of the shares bought by the person. No trust deed is executed when shares are allotted but a trust deed must be executed when the debentures are issued to the public. Shareholders are the owners of the corporate entity so they possess voting rights in any decision related to the company.

distinguish between share and debentures.

It yields a clear rate of interest, issued through the organization, might be anchored against resources. V. Interest on debentures is payable normally after six months, whether the company makes a profit or not. According to Justice White, “Debenture is a document which either creates a debt or acknowledges it.” Whenever a company is in need of a loan for a long period, it mostly issues debenture for the same. All investors are requested to take note that 6 KYC attributes i.e. Name, PAN, Address, Mobile Number, Email id and Income Range have been made mandatory.

A share is a right to a specified amount of the share capital of a company, carrying with it certain rights and liabilities, while the company is going concerned or under the winding-up process. It represents the interest of the holder measured for purpose of liability and the dividend by a sum of money. To ensure smooth settlement of trades, the investors are requested to ensure that both the trading and demat accounts are compliant with respect to the KYC requirement. The shares are the owned capital of the company, whereas debentures are borrowed funds of the company.

Your investment decision must also be based on your risk appetite. While debentures are low-risk securities with a fixed income payout, shares are relatively riskier, but also offer high upside potential for long term wealth generation. For investing both in shares and debentures, you are required to open a trading account and a Demat account.

Both of them have different meaning and characteristics. In this article, we will discuss in detail the difference between shares and debentures. The most common financial instruments in the stock market are shares and debentures. Interest on debentures is payable whether there are profit or not, but dividends on share are paid only where the company had earned profits.

Debenture is a kind of debt instrument through which a company raises long term loan. It is not secured and is backed by the creditworthiness of the issuer alone. Debentures pay a fixed interest rate and debenture holders do not have any voting rights as they are creditors and not owners like that of shareholders. You can decide to invest in either shares or debentures based on your short-term and long term financial goals.

And that’s exactly what we’re going to be looking at in this article. A common topic when discussing different investment options is whether to add stocks or bonds to the portfolio. Both shares and debentures are different in the returns they offer and their features.


Such information shall only be used for the purpose it is collected. One of the things stock markets are most commonly renowned for is the consistent fluctuations in the prices of different securities listed thereon. These fluctuations, or swings, in the prices of stocks, open an opportunity for several trading strategies, swing trading being one of them. Here are the major differences between shares and debentures. Companies offer two types of debentures, namely convertible debentures and non-convertible debentures. As there are much difference between share and debentures, on the other hand, they have some similarities in them.

distinguish between share and debentures.

They are generally a long-term debt or unsecured loan that a company has taken from the public, which needs to be paid back with interest in due time. You get paid in the form of interest at regular intervals if you invest in the company’s long-term debt instruments and are effectively lending money to the company. Interest payments are made in addition to the company’s profit, thus they will not be held back if the company is losing money. These restrictions, however, are only applicable to preference shares issued by public businesses or private companies with a public subsidiary. A private business can also issue preference shares with identical voting rights through its articles of organization.

Although they serve a similar purpose, there are certain differences between shares and debentures that will be covered in this article. Debenture holders are paid interest irrespective of whether the company makes a profit or a loss. Shareholders are paid dividends only if the company makes a profit.

Debenture Holder and Debenture Certificate

We try to uncover some of the key differences between the two. Debentures do not carry voting rights, and therefore, debenture holders are not in position to exercise any control over the affairs of the company. Shareholders as members of the company, enjoy right to yote in general meetings and thus, can exercise control over the management of the company. Stocks, also referred to as shares or scrips, are pieces of a company’s paid-up capital. Companies offer their shares to the public through an Initial Public Offering or IPO.

distinguish between share and debentures.

When a company goes public for the first time and gets listed on the stock exchanges to raise capital from the market, investors buy a share or number of shares in the company. Investment decision should depend on your personality as an investor. As investment opportunities, both shares and debentures have unique sets of advantages and disadvantages. Ultimately, while they may be similar in nature, bonds and debentures are two discrete debt instruments that differ in many ways.

And in return, it pays a fixed rate of interest on the borrowing to the holders of debentures on a regular basis. Once the tenure of the borrowing is over, the company would then redeem the debentures by returning the principal back to the borrowers. People who hold shares are called Shareholders whereas people who own debentures are called debenture holders. Income from shares is called dividends, but income from debentures is called interest.

They are generally a long-term debt or unsecured loan that a company has taken, which needs to be paid back with interest in due time. Preference shares are part of the share capital of a company but have a preference in receiving dividends at a fixed rate over the ordinary shares or equity shares. The money invested by debenture holders is basically borrowed capital for the company that it has to pay back with regular interest.

What Is Meant By Shares?

Shares and debentures are two very distinct types of instruments issued by a company. The target investors for each category depend on their basic characteristics and the expectations of the investors. Shares are considered to be a highly risky investment option and are therefore ideal for investors with a high-risk appetite.

What are Debentures?

Investors purchase a share or a number of shares in a company when it goes public for the first time and is listed on the stock exchanges to raise funds from the market. No security is offered for investing money in share capital.Company can offer any asset as a security to debenture holders. It is important to choose the financial instrument based on what you hope to gain from your investments. Debt funds are appropriate for short-term investment and reduced risk, whilst equity funds are suitable for long-term aims. Achieving a balance between these two might be difficult. The time horizon, risk necessary to attain your goal, risk capacity, and risk tolerance are important parameters to consider when deciding between different instruments funds.

Some shares also give you voting rights, and you also enjoy a part of the company’s profits in the form of a dividend. Debentures are the borrowed capital and are a form of unsecured loan that a company has taken from the public. Technically they are prioritized over shares during liquidation of the company, making debentures less riskier than the shares. They are basically small financial assets offered in the stock market in order to raise capital for a company. When you buy shares of a company, you become the owner of that company proportional to the value of shares. Also, you will get the benefits of voting, bonus shares, and dividends.

V At the point when the debentures are issued to the general population, trust deed must be executed. While ending up of the company the investors of the organization may lose a section or loaded with their capital when the organization is wound up. For the Installment of return, the dividend can be paid to investors just out of benefits gained.

I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. Please note Brokerage would not exceed the SEBI prescribed limit. Shares and debentures are very different in their structure and characteristics. If https://1investing.in/ you distinguish between shares and debentures, both are superior in their own ways. While shares give you a share in the profits, debentures give you priority in the case the company is getting wound up. Both are ways to be invested in a company are at two fags ends of a curve.

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